By Philip A. Howard
Philip A. Howard strains the socioeconomic and political conditions in Haiti and Jamaica that led males to go away their homelands to chop, load, and haul sugarcane in Cuba. as soon as there, the sector staff, or braceros, have been topic to marginalization or even violence from the sugar businesses, which used buildings of race, ethnicity, colour, and sophistication to subjugate those employees. Howard argues that braceros drew on their cultural identities-from suggestions of domestic and kinfolk to non secular worldviews-to interpret and contest their reviews in Cuba. in addition they fought opposed to their exploitation in additional overt methods. As exertions stipulations worsened in line with falling sugar costs, the foundations of anarcho-syndicalism converged with the Pan-African philosophy of Marcus Garvey to foster the evolution of a protest tradition between black Caribbean workers. by means of the mid-1920s, this id inspired many braceros to take part in moves that sought to enhance wages in addition to residing and dealing stipulations.
The first full-length exploration of Haitian and Jamaican employees within the Cuban sugarcane undefined, Black hard work, White Sugar examines the industry's abuse of millions of black Caribbean immigrants, and the braceros' answering fight for energy and self-definition.
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Extra resources for Black Labor, White Sugar: Caribbean Braceros and Their Struggle for Power in the Cuban Sugar Industry
Black Labor, White Sugar: Caribbean Braceros and Their Struggle for Power in the Cuban Sugar Industry by Philip A. Howard